Thisis not to say that Egypt was an egalitarian society.

Mixed parties of Greeks and Egyptiansmaking contractual agreements or who were forced into court overlegal disputes would choose which of the two legal systems inwhich they would base their settlements.

Greeks functioned within their system andEgyptians within theirs.

She was renowned for saving Egypt during the wars of liberationagainst the Hyksos, and she was praised for rallying the Egyptiantroops and crushing rebellion in Upper Egypt at a criticaljuncture of Egyptian history.


Shecould conclude any kind of legal settlement.

The Egyptian woman's rights extended to all the legally definedareas of society.

One such contractof a woman who bound herself to the temple of Saknebtynis states: The female servant (so & so) has said before my master, Saknebtynis, the great god, 'I am your servant, together with my children and my children's children.


However, mores and values apparentlychanged by the New Kingdom.

In the modern era, women have been honored for their militant participation during civil wars and the struggles against invaders. In the Taiping Rebellion mainly Hakka women with unbound feet fought both as soldiers and generals against the Manchu government. Women took up arms again in the Boxer Rebellion when young women organized themselves into militant “Red Lantern” groups. During the Cultural Revolution, the militancy of young female Red Guards attest to their willingness to become revolutionary heroes when struggling for what they perceived to be a just cause. Individual revolutionary female icons who have been held up as powerful figures for women to emulate include China’s Chiu Chin (Qiu Jin), who in 1907 was executed by the Manchu government, and Soong-li Ching (Soong Ching-ling), wife of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and champion of social justice and women’s liberation, and Deng Yingchao, an advocate of women’s rights and wife of Zhou Enlai. The societal admiration of female heroines such as these has helped justify the actions of the women who managed successfully to define new roles for themselves alongside men.

Womencould and did hold male administrative positions in Egypt.

To getaround the illegality, the servitude was stipulated only for alimited number of years, although it was usually said to be "99years."Under self-enslavement, women often technically received a salaryfor their labor.

Women could also be national heroines in Egypt.

until the completion of 99 years, and I will give it to your priests monthly.' If such women married male "slaves," the status of theirchildren depended on the provisions of their contracts with theirowners.

Examples ofwomen convicts are also known.

Strong Legendary and Real Heroes: Counterbalancing beliefs about women’s place is the historic veneration of some powerful, albeit exceptional, women. Stories of warrior women such as Hua Mulan and various militant Ninja types appear regularly in classical Chinese fiction. In Japan, samurai women appear, like Tomoe Gozen who supposedly rode into battle alongside her husband during Gempei Wars, or Hojo Masako (1157-1225), wife of Japan’s first shogun, who directed armies and in effect ruled the Shogunate from the convent where she had “retired” after her husband’s death. Later, bands of women armed with the exclusively female sword called naginata, were called upon to defend their towns or castles. Japanese girls today still learn to use this long sword.