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Students can gain an understanding of how the media of two-dimensional traditionally drawn animation and three-dimensional computer-generated techniques merge to create unique, innovative projects.

There are three things to keep in mind when teaching academic language.

NIMAS refers to a technical standard used to produce XML-based source files. From these well-structured source files, accessible, student-ready alternate-format versions of textbooks and core materials (e.g., Braille, e-text, Digital Talking Book, large print, etc.) can subsequently be created and distributed to qualified students with print disabilities. NIMAS files are not student-ready versions. IDEA 2004, P.L. 108-446, establishes the NIMAS as a national standard and requires states and local districts to adopt the NIMAS for providing textbooks and instructional materials to students who are blind or print-disabled.


You will remember them better that way.

Here are the steps demonstrated in a science lesson on the life cycle of a frog:

Specialized formats of curricular content that can be used by and with learners who have print disablilities and include: braille, audio, large print, and electronic text.


Apprenticeships are referred to throughout the UDL Guidelines.

The teacher encouraged some of her students to place a piece of paper under the line of text that they were reading. This strategy allowed the students to focus on one line of text at a time and masked the other text on the page.

A graphical image that represents a person, as on the Internet.

Kinesthetic learners are physical learners and they learn best by first observing and then doing. Their learning actions include manipulation of items, having simulations, role-plays and experiments, things that I enjoy most. These people learn best in a class where the activities are varied and non-monotonous. Therefore, they would fit best in an environment where the activities are varied from time to time and where the practical lessons are more than the theory lessons. Hands-on work mostly catches my interest and attention and I do well in such areas. Groups that initiate discussions and use of study materials and the exchanging of ideas usually do well for me. Classes that are not lengthy are also good motivators for a kinesthetic learner like me since my attention span is very low. However, this does not mean we are poor listeners; however, we do better taking in little at a time gradually. Kinesthetic learners are believed to account for only five percent of the population and they are believed to be the people who do best in their studies.

Source: Flickr Creative Commons license, image by Mark Wallace

Source: Adapted from: Kamins, M. L., & Dweck, C. S. (1999). Person versus process praise and criticism: Implications for contingent self-worth and coping. Developmental Psychology, 35(3), 835-847.

Barriers are referred to throughout the UDL Guidelines:

An effective way to allow a reader to focus on the more relevant information of the text; done by covering up unnecessary text as well as hiding other distractions.