She may therefore be esteemed an emblem of vigilance.

Engel Sluiter, "New Light on the '20 and Odd Negroes' Arriving in Virginia, August 1619," 3rd ser. LIV (1997):396-398; John Thornton, "The African Experience of the '20 and Odd Negroes' Arriving in Virginia in 1619," 3rd ser., LV (1998):421-434.

But then

Carolina López-Ruiz, , Harvard, 2010, p.24 -- suggesting that phoînix derives from phoinós, without addressing the morphological question of the extra -k-].


Drawing of the Massacre, March 5, 1770. Courtesy National Archives.

Includes testimony by Richard Whately.

But, motionless within the limits of mighty bonds, it is without beginning or end, since coming into being and perishing have been driven far away, cast out by true belief.


Includes essays by Fritz Machlup, Israel M.

Thus, "tyrant" did not originally mean a criminal; but the behavior of tyrants rapidly began to give the word the meaning it would have today, commiting crimes that often were also seen as against religion; and philosophers like analyzed the tyrant as possessing an immoral sort of .

Elected legislatures existed in almost all colonies.

A tyrant, on the other hand, came to power through secular political means, often by force, and they maintained their position by force, popularity, or both.

Ransome, "Wives for Virginia."

In Greece, during the sixth century, they succeeded generally in procuring leaders; not wishing to call them kings, because this title implied the idea of religious functions, and could only be borne by sacerdotal families, they called them tyrants.

The Thirteen Colonies - Summary

Although the individualistic message of this episode, as of much of the original , is unmistakable, note later tendencies of the series, as discussed in "."A , , , in Greek history basically meant an autocratic ruler who was simply not a traditional , a , .

Thirteen Colonies – State Flags

[Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges, , translated by Willard Small, 1874, Doubleday & Company, 1955, Dover Publications, 2006, p.270-271; , 1865]The sort of conduct characteristic of tyrants was illustrated by Aristotle with an anecdote:

Hence comes the advice of Periander to Thrasybulus, his docking of the prominent cornstalks, meaning that the prominent citizens [ ] must always be made away with.

The pioneering work on this subject was by Henri Frankfort, H.A.

The "archons" referred to were the crew of the starship , which had been captured and the crew "absorbed" by the mind-controlling, totalitarian regime of a planet ruled by a computer impersonating an ancient legislator named "Landru" (rather like Sparta's Lycurgus).