Access to nutritious and affordable food is a key determinant of achieving health equality and closing the gap in life expectancy between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. Food security and socio-economic status and nutrition issues in urban areas are key priorities for action in the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Nutrition Strategy and Action Plan 2000-2010. While there are commonly reported issues relating to poor food supply across remote Australia, this paper focuses instead on the unique and often hidden challenges for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people residing in urban and regional centres. This paper will explore a range of issues which contribute to the poor nutritional health of Indigenous Australians in urban and regional settings; review and show-case best practice examples from across the country and provide recommendations for action.
The National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Nutrition Strategy and Action Plan 2000-2010 (NATSINSAP) recognises that poor nutrition is central to the poor health and disproportionate burden of chronic disease experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples . The NATSINSAP sets a framework for action across all levels of government, in conjunction with partners from industry and the non-government sector. Through the identification of seven priority areas, the NATSINSAP has been designed to build on existing efforts to improve access to nutritious and affordable food across urban, rural and remote communities.
Short essay on Urban Life and Village Life
A rich and consolidated context – including the neighbouring University District, self managed-urban orchards and the recently opened Pogon cultural centre – makes site 2 highly strategic as a gathering surface for its surroundings, and possibly for the whole city.
Few punctual design strategies are needed: first, as the Pogon keeps attracting visitors to the site, connections with the city are improved by pointing out the existing accesses and opening new gates; meanwhile, the grid of orchards is maintained and enriched with modules for storage and additional services to the growers; at a later stage, new surfaces of public space colonize the few unoccupied spots of the site, and modules endowed with specific thematic connotations cluster around them.
A future of slow evolution is envisioned, with the site’s configurations adapting to the users’ needs, without substantially compromising its basic layout and its hybrid landscape, inheriting elements from nature, agriculture and the city.
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These urban poverty challenges and declining living conditions are having adverse effects on development planning in Port Moresby, and threatening progress towards a number of national development targets....
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Comic Book Literature: Pow, Bam, Zap: The Study of Modern Mythology and Social Constructs through Comic Book Lit
Comic books have been a medium that have been around for over one 100 years. They’ve functioned as vehicles for overlapping stories that are visual and found in the literary narrative as well. Classical literature works like Moby Dick and the collected works of William Shakespeare have found themselves, at one point or another, marketed in this format. The medium has been a way for political indoctrination as well as critique of the status quo. The comic book writers of the 1940s-60s created beings of a modern mythos, or cosmology akin to the tales of Mount Olympus, and within the stories they told there was woven a sophisticated message. It was comics that provided the first iconic Black character of adoration in American literature outside of John Henry, not Hollywood. It was comics that first graphically championed same-sex relationships and challenged interracial ones as well. Comics provided vehicles to tell the stories of the Holocaust (Maus) and of the Iranian Revolution (Persepolis), and did so in ways that would convey stories in a multi-layered fashion. This course will examine comics as literature and look at the social issues that comics have tried to address in American History from the 1940s to the modern day. Students will respond with analytical essay writing, short stories, and eventually will script their own short graphic novel. Since BlendEd is located in the Bay Area, the goal for this course will be to have students visit Image Comics based in Berkeley, which grew from a rival start-up of former Marvel and DC Comics artists and writers in the 1990s, to giving us characters and stories that have moved onto Hollywood like Spawn, The Crow and Wanted. The final project will be for students to take their short graphic novel, illustrate it via Photoshop and submit for publishing in a collection for Image Comics. (½ credit)
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While national surveys of the cost and availability of healthy foods do not exist in Australia, research and monitoring undertaken in select states shows evidence of a disparity between the cost of healthy foods compared with unhealthy food items. Across Queensland annual surveys of food cost are undertaken using the Healthy Food Access Basket (HFAB) which includes standard commonly available foods selected to provide 70% of nutritional requirements and 95% of estimated energy requirement of a reference family of six people over a 2 week period [100). Across Queensland, the cost of the HFAB has increased above Consumer Price Index (CPI) for food (based on a wider range of food items including cakes, biscuits, confectionary, takeaway foods and fast foods and soft drinks), across 56 stores surveyed between 1998 and 2004 in both urban, regional and remote areas. This suggests that the cost for basic foods necessary to achieve good health has become, and continues to be more expensive than less nutritious alternatives. Similarly, a study of food cost in 34 supermarkets in rural areas across Victoria found a high absolute cost and higher variation in the cost of healthy foods compared with unhealthy food items. This study estimated that typical family would need to spend 40% of their welfare income to consume a nutritionally adequate diet . This varies substantially from the 17% of income which the average Australian will spend on food . Both studies demonstrate that the increasing cost of healthy food is a potential barrier for people of low socio-economic status, such as Indigenous people to achieving good health.