There is surely disturbing matter to ponder in the simultaneous appearanceof antislavery sentiment and racialist ideology. But the roots of this grim coincidenceare not to be sought in the exclusive realm of race relations.19 They are rather to besought in the unfolding of bourgeois social relations, and the ethos of rationality andscience in which these social relations were ideologically reflected. Bourgeois"rationality" tore loose from "natural" categories the task -- whichall societies carry out in some form -- of identifying and classifying differences amongpeople. The latter had to be recreated from scientific first principles, with theenterprise of classification and identification now subordinated to the practical businessof disciplining -- and, if need be, institutionalizing -- deviance and nonconformity. Notrace alone, but a whole edifice of "forms of institutionalized segregation"arose: the asylum, the school (a place of isolation for children, now defined as radicallydistinct by nature from the adult population), and the bourgeois family itself (redefinedas a refuge from society and built around an "exaggerated consciousness of sexualroles").20 Race is a product of history, not of nature. And as an element ofideology, it is best understood in connection with other elements of ideology and not as aphenomenon . Only when set next to contemporary ideas having nothing todo with race can ideas about race be placed in the context of the ideological ensemble ofwhich they form a part.
Anderson and Collins stated, “Race, class, and gender matter because they remain the foundation for system of power and inequality that, despite our nation’s diversity, continue to be among the most significant social facts of peoples lives.” (Anderson and Collins, 2010) When I was a little girl, I never knew that people were classified in to groups such as race, class, gender....
Diversity Of Race And Ethnicity Sociology Essay
Our nation, at its best, pursues the ideal that what we look like and where we come from should not determine the benefits, burdens, or responsibilities that we bear in our society. Because we believe that all people are created equal in terms of rights, dignity, and the potential to achieve great things, we see inequality based on race, gender, and other social characteristics as not only unfortunate but unjust. The value of equality, democratic voice, physical and economic security, social mobility, a shared sense of responsibility for one another, and a chance to start over after misfortune or missteps -- what many Americans call redemption -- are the moral pillars of the American ideal of opportunity.
Race and the Law Essay Prize | Nova Scotia Barristers' Society
Astronger anthropological rejection of the biological conception of racewas leveled by Ashley Montagu (1905–1999). Drawing on insights frommodern, experimental genetics, Montagu forcefully argued that theanthropological conception of race relied on grouping together variousperceptible physical characteristics, whereas the real building blocksof evolution were genes, which dictated biological changes amongpopulations at a much finer level. The morphological traits associatedwith race, thus, were gross aggregates of a variety of genetic changes,some of which resulted in physically perceptible characteristics, manyothers of which resulted in imperceptible changes. Moreover, sincegenetic evolution can occur through both the mixture of different genesand the mutation of the same gene over generations, the traitsassociated with races cannot be attributed to discrete lines of geneticdescent, since the dark skin and curly hair of one individual mayresult from genetic mixture while the same traits in another individualmay result from genetic mutation (Bernasconi and Lott 2000, 100–107).Montagu’s efforts eventually resulted in the publication of anofficial statement denying the biological foundations of race by theUnited Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization(UNESCO) in 1950, although it would take until 1996 for the AmericanAssociation of Physical Anthropologists (AAPA) to publish a similardocument (Brace 2005, 239).
Apr 30, 2016 · Content Essay on Race in Othello
When we think about race and poverty in terms of the shared values and linked fate of our people, our approach to politics as well as policy begins to change. Instead of balancing a list of constituencies and identity groups, our task becomes one of moving forward together as a diverse but cohesive society, addressing through unity the forces that have historically divided us.