*Member of the Executive Committee for the program.

Meanwhile approvingly cites Quentin Mackie, an archaeologist at the University of Victoria in British Columbia: “Clovis First will, I believe, go down as a classic example of a paradigm shift, in which the evidence for the collapse of an old model is present for many years before it actually collapses, producing a sort of zombie model that won’t die.”

THST 110a and THST 111b, Survey of Theater and Drama

“The largest potential effect would have been impact-related partial destabilization and/or melting of the ice -sheet. In the short term this would have suddenly released meltwater and rafts of ice into the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans, lowering ocean salinity with consequent surface cooling. The longer-term cooling effects would have resulted largely from the consequent weakening of thermohaline circulation in the northern Atlantic, sustaining YD cooling for [more than] 1,000 years until the feedback mechanisms restored ocean circulation.”’


* THST 210a, Introduction to Performance Concepts

* THST 096a / AFAM 055a / AMST 026a, Protest Music in America and the Black Freedom Struggle

To this apocalyptic picture, which traces the origin of the Carolina Bays to a large fragment of the disintegrated Younger Dryas comet hitting the North American icecap over what is now Saginaw Bay and throwing out a devastating barrage of ice boulders, must be added the implications of primary impacts by other fragments of the same comet at other points across the icecap. Zamora’s research does not consider these. The reader will recall, however, that the scientists of the Comet Research Group calculate there may have been as many as four such impacts. As we’ve also seen, it is highly plausible that at least one of these other impacts was responsible for the radical destabilization of the “Cordilleran” segment of the ice sheet above Spokane unleashing the single, cataclysmic flood that Bretz’s instincts always told him had created the channeled scablands.


* THST 098a, Composing and Performing the One Person Play

O.E. Meinzer was obliged to confess that “the erosion features of the region are large and bizarre” but he, too, preferred a gradualist explanation: “Before a theory that requires a seemingly impossible quantity of water is fully accepted, every effort should be made to account for the existing features without employing so violent an assumption . . . I believe the existing features can be explained by assuming normal stream work of the ancient Columbia River . . .”…’

* THST 200b, Introduction to Theatrical Violence

In summary, not a single voice was raised in support of Bretz and there was much patronizing dismissal of his “outrageous hypothesis” of a single large flood. In particular, the massed geologists homed in on what they clearly believed was the fatal flaw in the case for a sudden and overwhelming cataclysm – namely that Bretz had failed to identify a convincing source for his floodwaters.

* THST 207b, Introduction to Dramaturgy

Photos by Santha Faiia. Graham Hancock with catastrophist theorist Randall Carlson at Dry Falls — a fossilised waterfall of enormous size cut by the waters of Bretz’s flood and left as we see it now when the flood had run its course.

* THST 211b, Intermediate Acting

It was this accumulation of compelling field evidence that Bretz asked to be considered – not by emotion, not by intuition, not by reference to received wisdom, but only by “the established principles of the scientific method”.’ “Ideas without precedent,” he was to write later: