Based on new primary sources and interviews, a biography of Bob Moses (SNCC), examining the pragmatics of his strategy of cultivating grassroots leadership, its achievements, and its struggles.
As World War II came to a close, tobacco companies needed to expand to new markets in order to maintain prosperity. At this point, they began issuing mass marketing efforts targeting African Americans. Whereas there was minor advertising in weekly African Americans newspapers prior to the war, scholars cite a number of post-war changes as the sources for the surge in market expansion, mainly the growth in urban migration and the steadily increasing incomes of African Americans in the 1940s (1). One scholar explains that between 1920 and 1943, the annual income of African Americans increased threefold, from $3 billion to more than $10 billion, making the population an increasingly appealing demographic for the tobacco industry (2). Indeed, advertising and marketing magazines published many articles at the time describing the profitable emerging Negro market. One such article from 1944, for example, was titled, The American Negro An Export Market at Home (3). A subsequent article printed a year later provided a table depicting How Negroes Spent Their Incomes, 1920-1943 (4). The table revealed that the amount of money African Americans spent on tobacco products increased six-fold from 1920 to 1943.
Scholastic Library Publishing, 1996.
The powerful story African-American sharecroppers on a cotton plantation in Sunflower County, Mississippi who sent seven of their thirteen children to desegregate the all-white school system in 1965.
Was Shot, Photo History of Civil Rights Movement, by James Haskins.
Examination of how the Cold War intersected with the final destruction of global white supremacy with focus on the two Souths Southern Africa and the American South.
History of Civil Rights Movement from slavery to death of Dr.
Initiated by the National Council of Churches, the Delta Ministry eventually became one of the largest and most active Movement organizations in Mississippi.
William Morrow & Company, 1993.
Scholarly examination of the class roots and aspects of the white racist system in the South, and the interaction of race and class within and on the Movement.
Picture book about the sit-ins from the perspective of a little girl.
Spanning over 60 years, the poems focus on Till's murder, the heinous trails of his murderers, and his legacy as not just a Civil Rights Martyr but as a powerful choric voice.
(Includes CD of freedom songs by the Chicago Children's Choir).
The Sons and Daughters of Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X, Elijah Muhammad, George Wallace, Andrew Young, Julian Bond, Stokely Carmichael, Bob Moses, James Chaney, Elaine Brown, and others reveal how the Civil Rights Movement tested and transformed their families.
National Geographic Children's Books (2005) Grade Level: 5-9
Poetry collection and play about Fannie Lou Hamer about the tradition of struggle, resistance, and survival common to generations of women descended from African slaves.