Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill - Utilitarianism

Florence Nightingale wrote about such a society in her piece, Cassandra, and John Stuart Mill wrote further on the subject in his essay The Subjection of Women.

One of the most prominent writers on the theory of utilitarianism is John Stuart Mill.

This is the main idea of the system of thought and it is from this the beliefs and opinions of John Stuart Mill (1806 - 1873), Jeremy Bentham (1748 - 1832) and other early utilitarians were developed....

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In this paper I will discuss Aristotle's view on Eudaimonia. I will also state John Stuart Mill's argument of Utilitarianism and contrast it to Aristotle's view. I will then explain why Aristotle's view prevails over the ideas proposed by Mill.
Aristotle claims that all human action is for the sake of something (has an end). Things can be an end of human action only to the extent that they are seen as good to the agent. Therefore things can be goods only if they are a plausible end. Aristotle claims that the ultimate human good and end is Eudaimonia; or happiness, flourishing.
According to Aristotle all things have functions, and happiness is found when a thing can best fulfill its function. He states that for anything that has a characteristic activity (function), its good or excellence lies in that character activity. This premise gives way to the idea that the characteristic activity of anything is particular to that thing. Aristotle then claims that only human beings engage in a certain kind of rational activity, in which the function of human beings is activity of soul in accordance with reason, or at least not a part from reason. Therefore, happiness for humans is rational activity in accordance with virtue.
Aristotle shows that in order to be a virtuous person you must know what you are doing and why it is good. You must also choose the action for its own sake, without the thought of reproductions. And finally, the action must proceed from a firm and unshakeable state of character. Aristotle defines virtue as a mean of two vices; the vice of deficiency and the vice of excess; in which having too much or too little of one specific virtue (e.g. courage) does not make you a virtuous person.
Aristotle is an egoist, and he displays this as his theory of Eudaimonia is strictly based on an individual's happiness. He shows that it is mere coincidence if the correct actions of one person prom

Essay john stuart mill on liberty

John Stuart Mill opens his utilitarian postulation by asserting that ethical statements cannot be subjected to scientific or mathematical provability (West 23)....

John Stuart Mill (20 May 1806 ..

People go to any means by which to obtain the many varied materials and issues that induce pleasures in each individual, and intrinsically, this emotion remains the ultimate goal, John Stuart Mill, a nineteenth century philosopher, correctly advocated the pursuit of happiness, and maintained the concept that above all other values, pleasure existed as the final destination, Mill's hedonistic views correctly and rationally identified a natural human tendency, and his Utilitarian arguments strongly support the theory that above all else, happiness is the most important dream to be fulfilled....

SparkNotes: Utilitarianism: Summary

If you're one of many such students and feel you have anything less than a sense of mastery over Mill's utilitarianism and other theories, click our "" button to begin browsing through dozens of examples of papers, reports, and essays on every aspect of John Stuart Mill's philosophies imaginable!

SparkNotes: Utilitarianism: Study Questions

There are many editions of Mill's more popular andinfluential works, including many of his writings in moral andpolitical philosophy. The definitive edition of Mill'swritings is Collected Works of John Stuart Mill [CW],33 volumes, ed. J. Robson (Toronto: University of Toronto Press,1965–91) and .In order to facilitate common reference among readers using differenteditions of his most commonly read texts—Utilitarianism,On Liberty, A System of Logic, and Principles ofPolitical Economy—I will refer to those works using naturaldivisions in his texts, such as chapter, section, and/orparagraph. Otherwise, I will refer to Mill's works usingpagination in his Collected Works. I refer to thefollowing works, employing the associated abbreviations.