“What is the meaning of life?” Jean-Paul Sartre defines life as first accepting our own faults and strengths, to then understand that the world exists regardless of our actions, and it is only when we actively participate and take responsibility for our place in the world do we honestly experience life....
The term was explicitly adopted as a self-description byJean-Paul Sartre, and through the wide dissemination of the postwarliterary and philosophical output of Sartre and hisassociates—notably Simone de Beauvoir, Maurice Merleau-Ponty,and Albert Camus—existentialism became identified with acultural movement that flourished in Europe in the 1940s and1950s.
Jean Paul Sartre S Existentialism In Nausea .
Theseessays offer innovative approaches to read the novelNausea. Sartre's Existentialism And Its Relevance discussesSartre's contribution to contemporary philosophy and thesignificance of his existentialism for the twentieth centuryhuman being.
Jean-Paul Sartre on How American Jazz Lets You …
Existentialism became identified with a cultural movement that blossomed in Europe during the forties and fifties; this term adopted by Jean-Paul Sartre as a self-description in Sartre and his associates postwar literary and philosophical writings.
Existentialism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Mr. Sartre's philosophical views developed and shifted. In "Words," the story of his youth published in the mid-60's, he criticized the social, philosophical and literary ideas with which he had been raised and he called into question the presuppositions of his early works. Commenting on his autobiographical novel "Nausea" and his philosophical work "Being and Nothingness," he said that an attitude of aristocratic idealism lay behind their composition, which he now rejected. The core of his existentialism, however, was not condemned. Roughly expressed, this suggests that "man makes himself" despite his "contingency" in an "absurd world."
The Emergence of Existence as a Philosophical Problem
Seen as a whole, Sartre's career reveals numerous contradictions. A bourgeois, he hated the middle classes and wanted to chastise them; "I became a traitor and remained one," he wrote in Yet he was not a true proletarian writer. An individualist in many ways and completely opposed to regimentation, he nevertheless attacked the individualistic tradition and insisted on the importance of the collectivity; he moved from the extremely solitary position of an existentialist to concern for society above all. A writer possessed of an outstanding ear for language and other literary skills, he came to suspect literature as inauthentic and wrote a superb autobiography to denounce writing. An atheist, he often spoke with the fervor of an evangelist and repeated that man was responsible for his own errors and must mend his ways. A reformer and moralist, he led an existence that would seem to many decidedly immoral. Of such contradictions, he was of course, aware.
Camus, Albert | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Jean-Paul Sartre, whose existentialist philosophy influenced two generations of writers and thinkers throughout the world, died of edema of the lung yesterday in Paris. He was 74 years old.