HIV/AIDS in South Africa and the United States: A Comparative Essay

Part 1: HIV/AIDS in South Africa

Fortunately, despite barriers, research and development of affordable treatment continues. For example, the University of KwaZulu-Natal performed a study in which scientists of South Africa mutually cooperated with scientists of America to invent an AIDS gel which has 40% of success in women. This drug is groundbreaking. The government revealed enthusiasm to expand the drug’s availability. Eventually it will become available to other people in Africa and abroad. Currently, the FDA within the United States is examining the drug to assess its approval for use in the US.

African Americans HIV and Aids -related rates more than any other racial/ethnic group in the U.S.

A large factor preventing people from getting tested and treated for HIV/AIDS is the cultural stigma associated with it. In addition to stigma, there are several other factors medical professionals site as being detrimental to HIV treatment such as male promiscuity and polygamy in some places. One unproven cultural factor consistently mentioned is that the practice of female genital mutilation has led to an increased occurrence of AIDS in Africa. The hypothesis is that intercourse with a circumcised female is conducive to an exchange of blood.

Part 2: HIV/AIDS in the United States

As stated before, many major African political leaders have denied the link between HIV and AIDS, favoring alternate theories. The general global scientific community considers the evidence that HIV causes AIDS to be conclusive, thus completely rejecting any denial of such as pseudoscience. Still, despite its lack of scientific acceptance, the methodical denial of AIDS has had a significant political impact – especially under the former South African presidency of Thabo Mbeki.

Essay on hiv aids | Ricky Martin

For years, many governments in Sub-Saharan Africa denied that HIV infection was an issue, which stunted their ability to stem the progress of AIDS. Now, many have begun to work toward solutions. The introduction of the ABC method of AIDS prevention has been proven to garner the strongest and most effective results.

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Extrapolating on this idea, it is most likely that if South Africa had the resources that the United States did, treating HIV/AIDS would be a much smaller problem, as the politics of the disease would fade into the background.

Hiv and aids in south africa essays - …

In this book, Nolen seamlessly integrates personal stories of the victims with shocking statistics and engrossing quotes, effortlessly bring a ‘human face’ to the HIV/AIDS epidemic....

Comprehensive Essay on HIV / AIDS - Publish Your …

HIV / AIDS is now considered to be the single most important impediment to social progress to many countries in Africa .This report will analyse the current situation using up to date sources from articles, books and the World Wide Web....

02/01/2012 · Comprehensive Essay on HIV / AIDS

There are two dominant types of measurement: prevalence and incidence. Prevalence is the number of people living with AIDS and HIV. The problem with using prevalence alone to measure an epidemic is that it presents a faulty perspective because one person can live with HIV for many years and therefore is counted multiple times. Incidence is the number of new cases of infection, usually within the previous year. Incidence is theoretically the best way to evaluate the HIV epidemic’s proliferation, and a combination of these figures would provide the most accurate representation of the HIV/AIDS burden. Unfortunately, both if these tools are difficult to measure, and there isn’t any reliable and practical way to evaluate them in sub-Saharan Africa. Healthcare providers and NGOs still need statistics to evaluate care and aid, so a few numbers are used to estimate a country’s prevalence and incidence. These include the prevalence of pregnant women ranging from 15 to 24 years going to antenatal clinics, and extrapolate from that. However, using antenatal surveys to extrapolate national data depends on assumptions that might not be applicable to all stages and regions. Another way to measure prevalence is the HIV serosurvey performed at a doctor’s office. However, health units conducting serosurveys rarely function within rural communities in remote areas. This collected data also excludes people seeking alternate healthcare. As a result, there may be significant disparities between official figures and actual HIV prevalence in some countries.