Essay on the principles of translation, by ..

Cohen, Harriet – (1895 – 1967)
British concert pianist
Harriet Verney-Cohen was the daughter of Joseph Verney-Cohen, of Aldershot, Hants, a minor composer and studied at the Royal Academy of Music (1912 – 1917), and later, under Dame Myra Hess at the Matthay School. Elegant, though her career was hampered by the smallness of her hands, which limited her repertoire, Cohen made successful tours of Europe and was a pioneer of ‘expressive’ method of pianoforte, as well as popularising the works of sixteenth century music masters such as William Byrd (1534 – 1623) and Orlando Gibbons (1583 – 1625). Sir Arnold Bax (1883 – 1953) dedicated his Second Sonata to her, and, after she sufferred a hand injury, he composed his Concertante for Orchestra with Piano (Left Hand) for her. Bax also became the founder and first president of the Harriet Cohen International Music Awards. Chosen to represent Britain at international festivals at Salzburg in Austria, Washington and Chicago in the USA, and Frankfurt-Homburg in Germany, Cohen performed in most of the principal cities of Europe, Russia, America and Palestine. She served as vice-president of the Women’s Freedom League, and was appointed CBE (Commander of the British Empire) by King George VI (1938) for her services to music. She retired in 1960 and left memoirs, A Bundle of Time (1969), published posthumously. Harriet Cohn died (Nov 13, 1967) aged seventy-two.

Essay on the principles of translation, by Alexander Fraser Tytler, lord Woodhouselee.

Tytler has the following: "As the Christian religion was received, at first, by many, from the conviction of its truth from external evidence, and without a due examination of its doctrines, it was not surprising that many who called themselves Christians should retain the doctrines of a prevailing philosophy to which they had been accustomed, and endeavor to accommodate these to the system of revelation which they found in the sacred volumes. Such, for example, were the Christian Gnostics, who intermixed the doctrines of the Oriental philosophy concerning the two separate principles, a good and evil, with the precepts of Christianity, and admitted the authority of Zoroaster as an inspired personage, equally with that of Christ. Such, likewise, were the sect of the Ammonians, who vainly endeavored to reconcile together the opinions of all the schools of Pagan philosophy, and attempted, with yet greater absurdity, to accommodate all these to the doctrines of Christianity. From this confusion of the Pagan philosophy with the plain and simple doctrines of the Christian religion, the church, in this period of its infant state, suffered in a most essential manner."

Essay on the Principles of Translation ..

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Description :This is a reprint of the third edition of Tytler s "Principles of Translation," originally published in 1791, and this edition was published in 1813. The ideas of Tytler can give inspiration to modern...

Literal translation: The Message: Matthew 1:22

Chatelet, Gabrielle Emilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, Marquise du – (1706 – 1749)
French mathematician, physicist, and philosopher
Gabrielle Emilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil was born in Paris, the daughter of Louis Nicolas Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, Baron de Preuilly (1648 – 1728), and his second wife, Gabrielle Anne de Froulay. Excellently educated in literature, science, and music, she married (1725) Florent Claude de Lomont, Marquis du Chatelet (1695 – 1766), the governor of Semur-en-Auxois, in Burgundy, to whom she bore three children. Her husband was frequently absent on military duties, and Mme du Chatelet returned to Paris, where she established her own popular salon. She became involved in liasions, both intellectual and physical, with the astronomer and mathematician Pierre Louis Moreau de Maupertuis, and the mathematician Alexis Clairaut, before finally becoming entangled with Voltaire (1733). He had fled Paris under the treat of arrest, and had taken refuge with Mme du Chatelet at her estate of Cirey in Champagne.
At Cirey the marquise and Voltaire worked closely togther on their scientific and philosophical projects. They later competed independently for a prize offerred by the Academie des Sciences, for a dissertation on the properties of fire (1738). Despite the fact that the prize was awarded to the German methematician Leonhard Euler, Mme du Chatelet’s own Dissertation sur la nature et la propagation du feu (1744) was published at the expense of the Academie. As well as treatises on religion and philosophy, she also produced Institutions de physique (1740), which was influenced by the ideas of Samuel Konig, the mathematician, and those of the philosopher Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibnitz. Madame du Chatelet retained the affections of her husband and Voltaire, even after she became involved in a liasion with the poet, Jean-Francois de Saint-Lambert, and when she died in childbirth, at Luneville, Lorraine (Sept 10, 1749), all three were present at her deathbed. Her translation of Isaac Newton’s Principia Methematica, was later published in part, with a preface by Voltaire, and under the direction of Clairaut (1756). The marquise left three children by her husband,