There is great controversy regarding how violent Neanderthals were and how much Cro-Magnons hastened their demise, but there is no doubt that sophisticated stone tools were used for far more than hunting mammoths. A Gravettian child’s vertebra was found with a projectile point lodged in it. Flint blades and projectile points lodged in vertebrae and other bones, and skulls broken by stone weapons, are common finds in Stone Age graves around the world. Before the Paleolithic Era’s end about 12 kya, cave paintings depict torture, people pin-cushioned with arrows, and other violent scenes. In 1964, , which has been dated to about 13 kya. Such finds are increasingly common, and are often situated near coveted resources such as riverbanks. The Golden Age of the Hunter-Gatherer was long gone by 15 kya in the Eastern Hemisphere but would briefly flourish again in the last continents that humans conquered. Here is a map, based on DNA analysis, of the dates of human migration to the Americas. (Source: Wikimedia Commons)
Those energy concepts are real ones that all economies face, and financial measures only reflect them. In the USA, just , Peak Oil was . In 1973, the first oil crisis hit, and have declined since then. Wages were only a reflection of energy consumption, which also peaked in the 1970s for the USA and by that real wages per hour have. The USA’s declining standard of living since the 1970s was minor compared to the devastation inflicted on developing nations. The was initiated by the oil price shocks of the 1970s. Many nations have yet to recover. When the oil price shocks hit, and other measures were inflicted by Western institutions on developing nations. As people such as , those policies were intentionally used to enslave those nations. On the world stage, the self-image promoted by the West is that of blundering do-gooders. As people such as , it is a false narrative designed to hide corrupt motivation from the outset. It is simply more of that . I have written a great deal elsewhere on , how the resembles fairy tales, how professions and industries have , how the , just like genocidal invasions, were always economically motivated, usually to secure energy resources. This essay does not need to belabor those trends, but anybody not can clearly see that the game being played on the global stage is the same one that has been played: economically exploiting others. Because industrialized civilization is beginning to run out of the energy sources that the West used to industrialize, a universal decline in humanity’s standard of living has begun. The USA has transitioned from the land of opportunity to a deindustrializing economy in which bankers and other capitalists are designed to rob one class in favor of another. The aspect of those machinations is painfully obvious. The mind-control techniques that Orwell and Huxley wrote about have been turned into sciences, and there are even “competitions” between their dystopian visions to see .
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Earth had never before hosted anything like behaviorally modern humans. Nothing came close. They wielded fire and began using it for offensive purposes, to . They had sophisticated stone tools and weapons, they mastered language and could engage in group behaviors that no other land animal remotely accomplished. They probably had sophisticated projectile weapons, and if the , they may have also . One !Kung arrow can bring down a 200-kilogram antelope in less than a day. What kind of animal in the Western Hemisphere and Australia, that had never seen anything like a human before, and would have been the of the invaders, and the large ones all reproduced slowly, could have withstood that onslaught? None that I can think of. Neanderthals were ambush predators of megafauna that were wary of humans, and whatever projectile weapons they may have had, they would have been inferior to those that behaviorally modern humans left Africa with about 60-50 kya. Neanderthals still lived off of those animals, with suffered during hunts. That would have been nothing like what the invaders of the Western Hemisphere and Australia encountered. They could have walked right up to all of those animals with no conditioned fear of humans and stuck their spears into them, maybe not even needing to use projectile weapons, much less poisoned ones. That scenario has been called the , but it would not have seemed a rapid event to the invaders. It would have been a butcher shop’s version of the Garden of Eden. Farther than they could imagine, in every direction, were animals with no fear of humans that could be killed so easily that it may have literally become child’s play. One argument by human-agency skeptics is that continental animals were subject to predation and would have begun fleeing fast. That seems like a weak argument, and here is why.