The other critical innovation was the modern steam engine, which was intimately related to coal. Burgeoning coal mines quickly exhausted deposits above the water table and began digging deeply into the earth, and water in the mines became a great problem. Not only were floods killing miners, but standing water made mines inoperable. Romans pumped water from their mines (). So did British mining operations, and around 1710, combined the ideas of a and an to make the , to pump water from coal mines. In a parallel case of using coal for smelting, the coal-fired Newcomen engine was . It was the first of its kind, primitive compared to later engines, and its spread was gradual. . He eventually invented an improved version with a that was . The steam engine that powered the Industrial Revolution was thus born, although, as with coal, its spread was gradual, and wind and water power were competitive with coal for nearly a century. The hydrocarbon-fueled steam engine was the key to the Industrial Revolution, in which the energy of ancient sunlight was exploited to generate previously unimaginable power. A steam locomotive of 1850 roaring through the English countryside would have been inconceivable to an English peasant of 1500. From a to to to less than five hundred years, the duration of each Epochal Event continued to shrink as levels of energy use increased dramatically and with each event.
Since humans began to make advanced tools and valuable goods, they exchanged them, , and cities have always been situated on low-energy transportation lanes. Before the Industrial Revolution, these lanes were almost always bodies of water. Before the Industrial Revolution, it took only about 1-2% of the energy to move goods across a body of water, such as a lake or ocean, as it did overland. A peasant in Aztec civilization, for instance, could as easily and quickly bring more than 40 times the weight of goods by canoe on a trip across the lakes to as he could by carrying a load on his back along the causeways. In 1800, it cost as much to ship a ton of goods more than 5,000 kilometers to American shores from England as it did to transport it 50 kilometers overland in the USA. In England, in the 13th century CE, it cost about as much to transport coal across five hundred kilometers of water as it took to move it across five kilometers of land.
Short Essay on the Political Effects of Industrial Revolution
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Second Industrial Revolution - Wikipedia
Thought it made country better.
Laws encouraging and helping businesses.
Political Stability-No wars on English soil.
England's natural resources, such as iron for machines and coal for power, were a main reason as to why they were the first to industrialize
Children for labor because they are cheap and have small bodies.
The machinery during the Industrial Revolution was unsafe.
Life Changes During the Industrial Revolution :: History
This essay’s purpose, regarding the human journey’s epochal phases, is to show how humans achieved each Epochal Event, which was always about exploiting a new energy source, and how each event transformed the human journey. Although the civilizations of India and Southeast Asia had unique qualities and achievements, and the Buddhist religion has a great deal to commend (founded, as Christianity was, in the name of another “rebel,”) as well as other world religions, the primary preoccupation of all peoples for all time before the Industrial Revolution was avoiding starvation. Industrialized peoples seem to have partly forgotten this motivation.