When analyzing the reparations issue, we need to keep in mind the ultimate goal, which is repairing the negative effects done to the whole African American population, or, worded in another way, to bring up the African American population to the same standards of living that are enjoyed by the descendants of their former slave owners. The only feasible way to achieve this is to address the whole population as a group, by spending the reparations money on improving education opportunities, addressing the unemployment and welfare issues (Ogletree). Not only this will guarantee the increased well-being of the whole African American population; this will also raise the quality level of the inter-racial relationships in the United States.
One of the most brutal institutions humanity has created ceased to exist throughout the majority of the world only 150 years ago. Slavery, the concept of one man owning another, tore apart families, dehumanized people for centuries, and crushed millions of peopleâs will to live. The effects of slavery were devastating not only in the times it was practiced, but rather it still has lasting repercussions throughout the world. One of the ways slavery affected the people entrapped in its grip was that it inhibited their ability to receive any form of education. Its lethal grip starved people from education not only in the United States, but also in the African countries that served as the source of slaves. By looking at various sources of data, the devastating effect of slavery on education not only in the United States, but in the African country of Benin, one of the chief exporters of slaves in the Transatlantic Slave Trade, can be shown.
The Subjection of Women and Slavery Essay 1201 Words | 5 Pages
While the United States used slavery as a means of labor, it was by no means the central sector of the economy. Slavery in the United States was mostly isolated to the southern states. Northern states often times shunned slavery. Thus slavery did not effect the development of universities in the Northern states (Romer, 2005). Â Even though slaves and later African Americans were not permitted to attend many of the educational institutions, they still existed and developed with time. When they were eventually given the right to equal education, the facets of education already existed. In Benin, however, the entire economy revolved around the slave trade. When the country finally gained its independence, unlike the United States, the people free from the slave trade had no schooling to attend, much less universities or other forms of higher education.
What the Constitution Really Says About Race and Slavery
The first time that I went to Tuskegee I was asked to make an address to the school on Sunday evening. I sat upon the platform of the large chapel and looked forth on a thousand coloured faces, and the choir of a hundred or more behind me sang a familiar religious melody, and the whole company joined in the chorus with unction. I was the only white man under the roof, and the scene and the songs made an impression on me that I shall never forget. Mr. Washington arose and asked them to sing one after another of the old melodies that I had heard all my life; but I had never before heard them sung by a thousand voices nor by the voices of educated Negroes. I had associated them with the Negro of the past, not with the Negro who was struggling upward. They brought to my mind the plantation, the cabin, the slave, not the freedman in quest of education. But on the plantation and in the cabin they had never been sung as these thousand students sang them. I saw again all the old plantations that I had ever seen; the whole history of the Negro ran through my mind; and the inexpressible pathos of his life found expression in these songs as I had never before felt it.
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Slavery is a dark spot in the United States' history and it still is the cause of many bitter confrontations in the society. Even after more then hundred years after its abolishment, the legacy of slavery is still felt until this day. African American population is making considerable progress integrating in the “mainstream” American society, but the are no early signs that this process will end any time soon (Ogletree). African Americans today, as a group, have less education, lower levels of income, and poorer quality of life in general than their Caucasian counterparts. What is the reason for this discrepancy? Is it because African Americans are less hard-working and less willing to adapt to the new economic realities than the white suburbia, as many Caucasians may believe? (Williams) Surely not, as there are accomplished, affluent, and universally respected African Americans today. The problem is that as a group, their percentage is much smaller than that of Caucasians.