The present paper deals with the history of abolitionism in the main European states. This essay first introduces the course of abrogation of capital punishment in its Italian cradle, then it details the steps by which the status of this kind of sanction changed in France, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, England and the Russian and Soviet Empires during the past centuries and, chiefly, the past decades. The present article covers both the early results of the abolitionist movement in the countries analysed, and the final cessation of this legal institution by which these states discontinued the practice of capital punishment for good and all.
We have covered a period in this essay that has come to be known as Medieval or the middle ages. The time period began around the 400 AD and ended around 1500. The aim here was to uncover historical events that have relevance for theories and practices of what today would be called speech-language pathology. Our history separated people and events into three somewhat distinct civilizations: the Eastern Greek or Byzantine, the Latin Western countries comprising what today we call Europe, and the Mideast Arabic world.
Wrote Ecclesiastical History of the English People.
—. “Religion and the English Nobility in the Later Fourteenth Century.” History and Imagination: Essays in Honour of H.R. Trevor-Roper. Ed. H. Lloyd-Jones et al. London: Duckworth, 1981. 43-55.
Literary Terms and Definitions O - Carson-Newman …
Here Newman’s satirical wit exposed how English Protestants resolutely refused to consider the real course of ecclesiastical history, a refusal extensively exhibited in Gibbon’s , where scoffing and mockery take the place of any equitable criticism of Christianity’s true progress. It was not only the rise of Catholicism that Gibbon misunderstood but Catholicism itself. And here, again, the historian in Newman is indispensable because he shows the extent to which Gibbon was not only unsympathetic to Catholicism but intent on ignoring any evidence that might show why the Faith commanded the unprecedented allegiance it commanded.
The Lion and the Unicorn: Socialism and the English …
In other words, for Newman, it was no accident that the Protestant English should have been content to have so zealously anti-Catholic a historian as Edward Gibbon writing their ecclesiastical history. After all, if they had paid attention to any more balanced church historian, they would have run the risk of encountering real church history; and they could not have borne that because it might very well have forced them “to cease to be Protestant.”
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—. “Lollards and Protestants Revisited.” 295-318. [In this historiographical essay, Marshall reviews descriptions of the relationship between Lollardy and the English Reformation in scholarship from the end of the Victorian era to the present. He aims to place modern discussions of Lollardy in a larger history and argues that political and ideological concerns often affect scholars’ assessment of its role in the Reformation.]