"Why was this experiment begun and continued?"

So speaking of everyday English, what about slang words for us? As with any oppressed minorities, these words can hurt, and sometimes the words are meant to hurt.

4. Must avoid all unnecessary physical and mental suffering and injury.

This same argument was used to justify medical experiments on criminalsin prison [Rothman 317 N.E.J.M. 1195 (1987)] during World War II. Becausea person is in prison does not relieve him of an opportunity to serve hiscountry and human progress, by participating in medical research. "Everyman must do his part."


other points of Tuskegee experiment

8. The experiment should be conducted only by scientifically qualifiedpersons.

The deliberate failure to treat a group of male Negroes in Macon County(near Tuskegee), Alabama who had syphilis begun in 1932 and ended, by unfavorablepublicity, in 1972. This experiment is difficult to discuss, because somuch was wrong with it. In my opinion, there are three major mistakes. Pagecitations are to by James H. Jones, a historian and scholarin bioethics.


I would rather ask, "Who is doing the branding?"

When major global organizations such as World Bank and World Health Organization have needed to study the impact of mental and emotional problems on society, they often use a measure that is called "days out of role." This method of measurement may work fairly well for, say, automobile accidents. One can come up with a number of days people harmed by automobile accidents are not fulfilling their chosen role of worker, parent, student, etc., and then give that a monetary value. However, as we now know, mental and emotional differences and difficulties are far more complex than a car accident. It is revealing that the ultimate definition of a mental and emotional problem by these international bodies is when you are not fulfilling your "role" in the great system of commerce that is a dominant force in the world today.

Our's literally is an oppression that shall not be named!

Since we humans typically define ourselves by our minds, then those who are considered fundamentally different in their minds can encounter a type of discrimination that is on a profoundly different level than other "isms."

And shouldn't we expect "sanism" to be especially deep?

Humans differ by gender, age, racial heritage and religion. These differences, when distorted, have led to discrimination. But how do human beings tend to define themselves? When a typical person is asked to describe the difference between themselves and non-human animals, I can imagine he or she would say, "Humans are the rational animal. The thinking animal. The animal that can do math, fly a plane, engage in commerce."

The point is we are not going to find perfect or correct or language.

Whatever you call an oppression, the phenomenon of "Isms" is often caused by exaggerating real or imagined differences to such an extent that instead of celebrating diversity one creates an irrational chasm. To this day I am still exploring the depths of the chasm of "sanism." and I have still not found its bottom.