In fact, during this time frame, several guidebooks for weddings were referred to, one of these books was “Our Deportment: On the Manners and Conduct and Dress of the Most Refined Society” by John H.
I ask students to analyze these photos and texts sources for evidence of self-representation. How does Lila-Pilipina represent itself? The demonstration is a staged event, and although I took the photographs and they were candid shots taken in available light, the scene was a script written by the women themselves. Students should systematically analyze the photographs: they can analyze the womens dress (t-shirts with Lila-Pilipina logo, rural national dress), deportment (clenched fists, militant stance), and accessories (the signs they carried). For example, none of the lolas there spoke fluent English, and yet all the signs were in English. The demonstration was orchestrated for the press and for the Japanese Embassy who were the target audiences. Certainly, despite their advanced age, these women looked much younger (they are in their seventies and eighties). They appeared militant and sad at the same time. But they did not look weak. They stood with arms raised and clenched fists. And they all carried signs in English making pointed statements (this could also be analyzed). One could also analyze the use of national dress (which blends with the definition of woman as bearer and wearer of tradition and the association of native dress with the pre-rape days). What messages (semiotics) do the photographs convey? There was certainly an aura of spectacle complete with dance/drama and the dramatic ribbon-tying ending.
Dress, Deportment, Room and Board: ..
Thornwell discusses the complexion, appropriate dress, introductions, behavior at parties, rules "on polite, easy, and graceful deportment," hints for conversation including "words, and sayings to be avoided," and concludes with chapters on needle-work and dress-making.