View this essay on Leininger's Transcultural Theory

Feminist, gay/lesbian/queer, racial and ethnic theory have had a profound impact on all levels and kinds of humanities and social science scholarship. Thus these works should be read as at once substantive contributions to their fields, and as critiques of the inadequate theorization of gender, race, sexuality and other constructions of cultural difference in traditional AS work (as well as in humanities and social science scholarship generally). For the stake of ease of operation I have divided the sections below into ,, and, but I want to stress that the best current work, including much scholarship cited below, is being done at the intersections of these and related modalities of difference (especially class, which is central in Section IV, among other places).

Geertz, Clifford. 1973. The interpretation of cultures:Selected essays. New York: Basic Books.

Kellehear, Allan. "Culture and the Near-Death Experience: Comments on Keith Augustine's 'Psychophysiological and Cultural Correlates Undermining a Survivalist Interpretation of Near-Death Experiences'." . Vol. 26, No. 2 (Winter 2007): 147-153.

Cultural Identity Essay Example and Expert Writing Tips

Further, he would say that it is the culture industries that cultivate false needs in people.

Presumably cross-cultural consistency could be explained in terms of either similar neurological events or different encounters with the same afterlife reality. But cross-cultural NDE studies demonstrate that many near-death researchers have simply that the consistency between Western accounts is merely a specific instance of a cross-cultural consistency. For instance, Paul Badham asserts that "What is seen [in NDEs] appears to be cross-cultural, but how it is named depends on the religious or non-religious background of the believer" (Badham 14). Though no prototypical Western NDEs are evident among his Western and non-Western medieval afterlife narratives, James McClenon argues that what is at "issue between 'believers' and 'skeptics' is not whether common elements exist cross-culturally," but whether that alleged fact "supports belief in life after death.... [or whether] commonalities within NDEs are produced by physiological factors associated with death trauma" (McClenon, "Folklore" 322). But existing cross-cultural studies suggest that any cross-cultural core consists of a very small number of elements. Thus sociologist Allan Kellehear suggests a very general and rather meager 'core NDE' after his survey of non-Western NDE accounts:

"The history of cultural selection theory" - chapter 2

Schneider, David. 1976. Notestoward a theory of culture. In Meaning in anthropology. Edited by Keith H. Basso and Henry A. Selby, 197–220. Albuquerque:Univ. of New Mexico Press.

Agner Fog: Cultural selection © 1999

Schneider’s essay presents his theory of culture as a systemof symbols and meanings that has generative and regnant functions. While culture provides a systemof definitions, concepts, and premises, Schneider distinguishes this system from a normative one,which, he argues, formulates patterns for action and conduct. Culture sets the stage, norms instructone in what to do. The essay provides clarity to a discussion of these central concepts and isprovocative for readers interested in theories of culture, norms, discourse, and society.

Modernization vs. Dependency Theory Essay - 566 Words

Firstly, he would suggest that it is the culture industries that churn out these unsophisticated magazines, replacing the more critical art forms which might lead people to actually question social life.

Matthew Arnold’s theory of poetry | gauravbhu

Through the concept of cultural difference I want to draw attention to the common ground and lost territory of contemporary critical debates. For they all recognize that the problem of the cultural emerges only at the significatory boundaries of cultures, where meanings and values are (mis)read or signs are misappropriated …