I am taking some liberties in calling Turkana Boy a ; he is technically a member of , which is often considered ancestral to , which is the Asian variant’s name. There is great debate regarding how the human family tree branches between and . Some call the various -type species all subspecies of , while others argue for several distinct species. I will not stray far from the orthodox narrative here, for good reason. The reconstructed early human tale is based on very limited evidence, but that evidence will only grow over time, and the tools and techniques for using them will become more sophisticated. Although there may be some upcoming radical changes in the view of the early human journey, efforts of countless scientist and fossil hunter lifetimes support the narrative that this essay sketches, and I respect their findings and opinions, even though I acknowledge many limitations. The human ego, it seems, becomes more involved as the story of life on Earth moves closer to its human chapters.
We need another and a wiser and perhaps a more mystical concept of animals. Remote from universal nature, and living by complicated artifice, man in civilization surveys the creature through the glass of his knowledge and sees thereby a feather magnified and the whole image in distortion. We patronize them for their incompleteness, for their tragic fate of having taken form so far below ourselves. And therein we err, and greatly err. For the animal shall not be measured by man. In a world older and more complete than ours they move finished and complete, gifted with extensions of the senses we have lost or never attained, living by voices we shall never hear. They are not brethren, they are not underlings; they are other nations, caught with ourselves in the net of life and time.
09/11/2016 · “Thank you, my friends
Around 10.5 mya, after Eurasian forests began thinning out, African rainforests began losing their continuity, broke up into isolated patches, and woodlands and grasslands appeared along rainforest edges. Whether the around 9-10 mya as the Miocene cooling progressed, or , is currently controversial. However, by seven mya the evolutionary line to humans was firmly established in Africa, as the forests that could support apes in near-African Eurasia disappeared, and the last of those lines went extinct about eight mya. The from the human line about seven mya, but . Whatever the timing really was, there is little scientific debate whether humans and gorillas descended from the same line and that that ancestor lived in Africa. The show that great ape DNA and human DNA are very similar. Chimpanzees and bonobos, our closest surviving cousins, share more than 98% of their genes with humans. About . in common with humans, and . Humans also that other great apes retained.