What makes the haiku fascinating to us is that all above,and surely much more, can be contained by juxtaposing barebranch, a crow settling and autumn dusk. For me, the elementsthat securely tie the crow in place as metaphor for an autumnevening are: one, the verb "settling" (because wesay dusk settles -- but not lands or perches), a techniqueBasho so often employs one automatically checks his verb forthis two-sidedness when one appears in a poem and two, theimage of a bare branch which can accept naturally both thearrival of a bird image and autumn dusk.
It could be, as it has been reported, that Basho simplyheard a frog plunging into water (a rather probableoccurrence as he lived in a marsh where two rivers joined)just at the moment a Zen master asked him a question on hisprogress in his meditations. Yet he didn't begin his poemwith his reality of "in the marsh" or "by theriver" but used "old pond" because in a quietpond a disturbance most closely resembles the way sound movesand is most accurate. Again the third image is the tie forhis metaphor of water for sound. Bodies (get that one?) ofwater have sometimes stood as metaphors for ears because ofthe way water reflects and distorts sound.
To Paint a Water Lily | AP English Essays
There are three essays on the AP English Language exam.
Literature Prompt #1-
You will be required to read a poem and analyze it on the spot, using references to theme, literary devices, persona, and diction.